A complete hydraulic tool system consists of five parts, namely power components, executive components, control components, auxiliary components and hydraulic oil. The function of the power element is to convert the mechanical energy of the prime mover into the pressure energy of the liquid.
Refers to the oil pump in the hydraulic system, which provides power to the entire hydraulic system. The structure of hydraulic pumps generally includes gear pumps, vane pumps and plunger pumps. The function of the executive components (such as hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors) is to convert the pressure energy of the liquid into mechanical energy and drive the load for linear reciprocating or rotary motion. Control elements (ie various hydraulic valves) control and regulate the pressure, flow and direction of the liquid in the hydraulic system.
According to different control functions, hydraulic valves can be divided into pressure control valves, flow control valves and directional control valves. Pressure control valves are further divided into overflow valves (safety valves), pressure reducing valves, sequence valves, pressure relays, etc.; flow control valves include throttle valves, regulating valves, diversion and collector valves, etc.; direction control valves include check valves, Hydraulic control check valve, shuttle valve, reversing valve, etc. According to different control methods, hydraulic valves can be divided into on-off control valves, fixed value control valves and proportional control valves.
Auxiliary components include oil tank, oil filter, oil pipe and pipe joint, sealing ring, pressure gauge, oil level oil temperature gauge, etc. Hydraulic oil is the working medium that transmits energy in the hydraulic system. There are various types of mineral oil, emulsion and synthetic hydraulic oil.